Categories
Politics

Introduction in politics

Introduction in politics

Due to its strategical location, the region around Belgrade and Pancevo was always a deployment zone not only for combat units, but also for all kinds of imposters, fiddlers and other windbags. This file documents a whole bunch of issues and topics related to the activities of some of these folks before, during and after World War II.

A whole bunch of documents like this was declassified during the “Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act” NWCDA from 1998. Bernhard Hänsel, Georg Kossack and a bunch of other people were pretty pissed off of the ignorance of politicians and diplomats when the wars in former Yugoslavia started and they did not just shrugged their shoulders, these folks were scientists, archaeologists and historians. Those old-school folks knew how to research and crawl through archives and they had their connections. Whenever somebody found something interesting regarding former Yugoslavia, their information reached Bernhard Hänsel, who then passed it to my grandfather. During that time, a lot of the elder generation of the Danube Swabians was still alive and well. Following WW II, the Danube Swabians are scattered across the World and everyone of them knew somebody who lived in the USA, Canada, Paraguay, Argentina, Brazil and whenever somebody found something related to a special region in former Yugoslavia, my grandparents located someone who knew someone who knew someone, if this is accurate enough. Whenever somebody felt the need to ease his conscience, or just wanted to have some glasses of wine and a long conversation regarding times gone by, these folks showed up at our house. 

One especially appropriate topic documented in the file mentioned above is the fact that there was a training camp of the Abwehr, the German Intelligence Service GIS, located in Pancevo, the adjacent settlement of the birthplace of my grandparents. In the training camp in Pancevo, agents of the GIS were trained – among other things – in the manufacturing and handling of explosives for the usage behind enemy lines. This camp was managed by the local branch of the Abwehr, the Abwehrstelle AST Belgrade.

Categories
Archaeology

Introduction in archaeology

Introduction in archaeology

This category is dedicated to the archaeology of the Banat, a part of the Great Hungarian Plain. The Banat is nestled between the Carpathian Mountains in the east and the river Tisza in the west. The Backa between Tisza and Danube is adjacent to the west, Syrmia between Danube and Sava is located to the west and south west and Serbia in the South. The importance of the Banat for pre- and early history is recognizable by Starcevo and Vinca, two adjacent villages on the left and the right river bank of the Danube and eponymous sites of the Starcevo culture and the Vinca culture.

To keep it simple, the Starcevo culture is associated with the oldest settlements of farming people in Europe, who developed from hunters and gatherers, following the Neolithic Revolution. The following folks of the Vinca culture represent the oldest knowledge regarding metallurgy.

 

1 Belgrade, 2 Vinca, 3 Starcevo, 4 Pancevo, 5 Jabuka, 6 Plateau Sajkaska

A Timis, B Bega, C Tisza, D Save

One of the reasons why this region was especially suitable for our ancesters was the point that the estuaries of Timis, Tisza, Bega and Sava are located with a radius of about 45 km.

Resources, especially before the invention of the wheel, where either transported on rafts and boats on waterways or on footpaths running alongside the river banks. Due to that, all resources originating from the headwaters of the tributaries of these rivers were sooner or later transported through this region. Therefore, all resources of the Carpathian Mountains and the Alps were available in this region, apart from the goods traded on long distance trading routes like Amber Road and Silk Road.

Estuaries of Timis, Tisza, Bega and Sava

These are some of the reasons that made this region especially interesting for archaeologists. Another subject that lead to growing interest, at least since 1933, was the following belt that was exhibited at the world fair in Paris in 1867.

Silver belt “type Mramorac”, source: Feudvar I, Das Plateau von Titel und die Sajkaska, page 97, Author: Bernhard Hänsel

If anybody has not noticed yet, these belts bear a swastika. Three of these belts were found, one of the is associated with the “vicinity of Novi Sad” and another one with the village Titel next to the estuary of the Tisza. These artefacts are a pretty obvious reason that made this area especially interesting for archaeologist of the SS Ahnenerbe. The SS Ahnenerbe was not just another strange institution of NSDAP Germany, it was more like an especially weird incorporation of several branches of bullshit, and one of these branches was archaeology. Yugoslavia was conquered by the German Army in April 1941 and a short time later, units of the SS Ahnenerbe appeared and demanded access to artifacts, archives and documents. 

Securing of the neolithic Vinca collection.

(…) the research findings from Serbia, especially from Belgrade (…) were processed in Lebus (…) but (…) lost (…)

The two segments above document the “securing” and the following “loss” of anything these folks had access to. The point is, the units of the SS Ahnenerbe were supported (not only) by the Abwehr, the German Intelligence Service from 1920 to 1945.

These issues lead to the next related category, “politics“.

Categories
About this site

How it started

How it started

My grandparents were born in the village Jabuka (5), west of Pancevo (4). They were the archive of their birthplace and the neighboring villages with predominant German population and everybody who researched, documented or investigated anything related to this region sooner or later ended in our house. One of these visitors was the archaeologist Bernhard Hänsel, who lead excavations at the Plateau Sajkaska (6) near the estuary of the Tisza, from 1986 – 1991. Hänsel, who was accompanied by the archaeologist Georg Kossack from time to time, frequently visited my grandparents before, during and after the excavations were broken off due the beginning of the wars in former Yugoslavia.

1 Belgrade, 2 Vinca, 3 Starcevo, 4 Pancevo, 5 Jabuka, 6 Plateau Sajkaska

A Timis, B Bega, C Tisza, D Save

 

My grandparents were Danube Swabians, and just like anybody else with German ancestors living in former Yugoslavia, they were collectively held responsible what meant they were dispossessed, jailed in internment and extermination camps, later held in forced labor contracts until they were finally allowed to move to Germany in the early 1950s.

 

 

It is pretty easy to create the usual list of disgusting cruelties and blatant injustice, but honestly, I am sick of it. Therefore, I would like to introduce to the hidden history, unknown trash, or whatever the matching description for the following topics would be.

The category “politics” will contain anything focused on “unknown” folks who were active in and around Belgrade and Pancevo during WW II, “diplomacy” is the category for anything related to associations and institutions, “archaeology” contains topics about archaeological issues, “trash” is the category for “unknown” places of archaeological interest, whilst  “About this site” is pretty self declaring.